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What Is Femoral Hernia

A femoral hernia is the protruding out of a part of the intestine through a weakening in the abdominal wall adjacent the thigh. Femoral Hernias, similar inguinal hernias, originate in the groin region, but occur about 10 times more likely in females than they occur in males. These hernias originate at or very near the leg crease itself but in an area somewhat lower than the more usual Inguinal Hernia. In fact, it is often difficult to differentiate clinically between these and Inguinal Hernias on examination alone by those not experienced in hernia evaluation.

A reducible femoral hernia takes place when a femoral hernia can be pushed back into the abdomen, either instantly or with some modification. This is the most general type of femoral hernia and is oftenly without any pain. An irreducible femoral hernia takes place when a femoral hernia gets tightly  stuck in the femoral canal. This kind of Hernia can cause severe pain, illness and weakness.

Causes

A fermoral hernia takes place when abdominal contents, normally part of the small intestine, push through a flimsy point or tear in the thin powerful wall of the abdomen that bears the abdominal organs in place.

In a enteromerocele, a protrude is usually present in the upper part of the thigh, just below the groin, where the femoral artery and vein pass. Femoroceles tend to occur more mostly in women than in men.

Symptoms

• Groin pain exasperated by flexing or elevating.
• Sensitive lump in the groin or upper thigh.

Exams and Tests

A physical somatic examination unveils the hernia. Tests are ordinarily not needed.

Treatment

Hernias usually get larger with time, and they usually do not leave on their own. If the patient’s health allows, surgery is done to ease discomfort and to foreclose complications like incarceration and strangulation. Often, a piece of plastic mesh is surgically positioned to fix the defect in the abdominal wall.
Immediate surgery is required hernia that may be detained or compressed.
Outlook (Prognosis)

The outcome is normally quite good if the hernia is treated properly. The rate of hernia recurrence after surgical bushel is generally less than three percent.

Possible Complications

A femoral hernia may become incarcerated and compacted (the loop of bowel loses its blood supply). Nausea, vomiting, and severe abdominal discomfort may take place with a squeezed hernia. This is a aesculapian crisis. A compact intestine can emerge in tissue death (gangrene), a life-threatening condition needing urgent surgery.

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